Read اسپینوزا: فلسفه‌ی عملی by Gilles Deleuze Free Online


Ebook اسپینوزا: فلسفه‌ی عملی by Gilles Deleuze read! Book Title: اسپینوزا: فلسفه‌ی عملی
The author of the book: Gilles Deleuze
Edition: دهگان
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 2.59 MB
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Date of issue: September 11th 2013
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Language: English
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Reader ratings: 6.9

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first edition @1970 | revised and expanded edition @1981

از متن کتاب: شارحانِ بسیاری به قدرِ کافی عاشقِ اسپینوزا بوده‌اند تا حینِ سخن‌گفتن از او باد را فرا بخوانند. و در واقع هیچ مقایسه‌ی دیگری غیر از مقایسه با باد در کار نیست. اما آیا مسئله بر سرِ همان بادِ آرامِ بزرگی است که دِلبوسِ فیلسوف از آن سخن می‌گوید؟ یا بر سرِ گردباد است، بادِ ساحره‌ای که راجع به «مردی از کیِف» سخن می‌گوید، از نافیلسوفی تمام‌عیار، از یهودیِ فقیری که به یک کوپِک اخلاق را موجب شد و حتی نفهمید که چه‌طور همه چیز با هم جفت و جور هستند؟ مسئله بر سرِ هر دو باد است، چراکه اخلاق مجموعه‌ی پیوسته‌ی قضیه‌ها، برهان‌ها، و تحشیه‌ها و نتیجه‌ها را به‌منزله‌ی حرکتِ عظیمِ مفاهیم، و رشته‌ی ناپیوسته‌ی تحشیه‌ها به‌منزله‌ی اعزامِ تأثیرها و تکانه‌ها، یا دنباله‌ای از گردبادها را دربر می‌گیرد. بخش 5 نهایتِ وحدتِ امتدادی است، اما بدین خاطر که متمرکزترین نقطه‌ی اوجِ اشتدادی نیز هست: دیگر هیچ تفاوتی بین مفهوم و زندگی وجود ندارد. ولی ترکیب‌بندی یا درهم-تنیدگیِ این دو مؤلفه پیشاپیش در اجزاء قبلی نیز وجود داشت همان‌که رومن رولان «خورشیدِ سفیدِ جوهر» و «واژگانِ آتشینِ اسپینوزا» خواند


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Ebook اسپینوزا: فلسفه‌ی عملی read Online! Deleuze is a key figure in postmodern French philosophy. Considering himself an empiricist and a vitalist, his body of work, which rests upon concepts such as multiplicity, constructivism, difference and desire, stands at a substantial remove from the main traditions of 20th century Continental thought. His thought locates him as an influential figure in present-day considerations of society, creativity and subjectivity. Notably, within his metaphysics he favored a Spinozian concept of a plane of immanence with everything a mode of one substance, and thus on the same level of existence. He argued, then, that there is no good and evil, but rather only relationships which are beneficial or harmful to the particular individuals. This ethics influences his approach to society and politics, especially as he was so politically active in struggles for rights and freedoms. Later in his career he wrote some of the more infamous texts of the period, in particular, Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus. These texts are collaborative works with the radical psychoanalyst Félix Guattari, and they exhibit Deleuze’s social and political commitment.

Gilles Deleuze began his career with a number of idiosyncratic yet rigorous historical studies of figures outside of the Continental tradition in vogue at the time. His first book, Empirisism and Subjectivity, isa study of Hume, interpreted by Deleuze to be a radical subjectivist. Deleuze became known for writing about other philosophers with new insights and different readings, interested as he was in liberating philosophical history from the hegemony of one perspective. He wrote on Spinoza, Nietzche, Kant, Leibniz and others, including literary authors and works, cinema, and art. Deleuze claimed that he did not write “about” art, literature, or cinema, but, rather, undertook philosophical “encounters” that led him to new concepts. As a constructivist, he was adamant that philosophers are creators, and that each reading of philosophy, or each philosophical encounter, ought to inspire new concepts. Additionally, according to Deleuze and his concepts of difference, there is no identity, and in repetition, nothing is ever the same. Rather, there is only difference: copies are something new, everything is constantly changing, and reality is a becoming, not a being.



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